CBD – What is CBD?
(Please note some of this article has come from United States sources as the United Kingdom is starting to catch up on CBD knowledge & research)
The innovation of medical marijuana is something exciting and worth embracing. And among the several products from the Cannabis Sativa plant (such as hemp and marijuana) that have been helpful for consumers are CBD. CBD is short for Cannabidiol.
Within the Cannabis Sativa plant, there exist 113 cannabinoids in which CBD is just one. CBD is extracted from the plant in the organic form, free of additional cannabinoids for its potent psychoactive properties.
Cannabidiol, better known as CBD oils or cannabis oils, has been widely accepted to be effective for the cure of several ailments, including arthritis and cancer.
In the United Kingdom, only CBD products that don’t contain a percentage of THC are regarded as legal and safe for consumption. Ultimately, other products that contain THC are ruled out as illegal. Well, this could the reason it remains a top choice for the consumers.
You could be stunned to discover that the human bodies produce their cannabinoids (known as endocannabinoids) and feature cannabinoid receptors, some related to tenderness and discomfort. Experts once believed the CBD in products attached to these types of receptors, however, right now they believe CBD helps our bodies utilize its endocannabinoids more efficiently.
What is CBD and where it comes from?
Generally, marijuana generates more than 100 chemical compounds referred to as cannabinoids. And among the several cannabinoids generated, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD are the most active compounds.
THC is the psychoactive component of marijuana and can get you intoxicated. The majority of CBD products originate from hemp, which must have as low as 0.3 THC present.
CBD, on the other hand, cannot get you intoxicated – it is not psychoactive. CBD is the organic liquid extract of the marijuana plant (Cannabis Sativa plant).
CBD oils? Simply put as “oils that contain a concentration of CBD in varying proportions and applications.”
How CBD Works
CBD, like most cannabinoids, produces effects in the human body by attaching to some sort of internal receptors.
As we already know, the body system generates some endocannabinoids by itself. Likewise, the human body has 2 internal receptors for cannabinoids, known as the CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors.
CB1 receptors can be found within the body, but most are almost all in the brain. These CB1 receptors in the brain control co-ordination and movements, thoughts and mood, appetite, and moments, as well as other abilities. Interestingly, THC links to all these receptors.
On the other hand, CB2 receptors exist more in the immune system, and they affect inflammation and ache.
Experts once claimed that CBD linked to all these CB2 receptors. However, it currently occurs that CBD attaches directly to neither CB1 nor CB2 receptors. Instead, it appears to influence the body system to use more of its self-generated cannabinoids.
CBD Market Size and Trend
CBD products continue to gain recognition in the world annually in medical application, food and beverage, supplements, and skincare. A freshly-made analysis by leading cannabis researchers BDS Analytics and Arcview Market Research forecasts cast that the CBD Market in the U.S. will exceed USD 20 billion by 2024. (https://www.forbes.com/sites/irisdorbian/2019/05/20/cbd-market-could-reach-20-billion-by-2024-says-new-study/#6cb92b8a490)
Interestingly, this number just rises from the latest forecast made by New York-based statistical firm, Reports and Data, which evaluated that the market could grow from the $1.04 Billion in 2018 to $16,32 Billion by 2026, at a CAGR of 27.7%. (https://www.reportsanddata.com/report-detail/cannabidiol-cbd-market/)
Certainly, these forecasts have taken into consideration CBD products consumed in various sectors such as shops, grocery stores, pharmacies, and more. With the rapid increase in its Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR), the CBD innovation looks promising soon.
According to the Cannabis Trades Association UK, the number of cannabidiol consumers shot from 125,000 in 2017 to 250,000 in 2018.
Benefits of CBD oil
CBD has been reported to be capable of curing many ailments and aches, as well as relief from pain. The fact that it doesn’t make one feel intoxicated makes it appealing for consumers.
Several health benefits of CBD oil that have been proven by scientific evidence, here we discuss 5, and they are:
- Natural Pain Relief
In recent times, Scientists have discovered that the psychoactive components of marijuana, including CBD, are responsible for its pain-relieving effects. CBD impacts the activity of the self-induced endocannabinoids (neurotransmitters) of the human body, thereby reducing inflammation.
Several studies have discovered that a compound containing CBD and THC is effective in alleviating pain such as sclerosis and arthritis. An example of such a compound is Sativex, a spray used for treating pain related to sclerosis.
- Reduce Anxiety and Depression
According to WHO (World Health Organization), anxiety and depression have been identified as dreadful contributors to mental health disorders. (https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/254610/1/WHO-MSD-MER-2017.2-eng.pdf)
Usually, anxiety and depression are treated with some sedatives, which can cause varying side effects such as drowsiness, vision problems, headaches.
CBD happens to be a natural approach that helps reduce anxiety and depression. It has been embraced by many for this cause. Additionally, CBD oil has been known to be helpful to safely treat anxiety and insomnia in children with post-traumatic stress disorder. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5101100)
- A Cure for Epilepsy
After several kinds of research by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), CBD oil (Epidiolex) was found to be effective in treating patients with epileptic seizures. Epidiolex, an oral solution derived from marijuana, was approved for the treatment of Dravet syndrome (DS) and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). However, the FDA warned that Epidiolex is not safe for children younger than 2 years and should not be prescribed. Also, it’s dosage should be administered based on body weight. (https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-annoucements/fda-approves-first-drug-comprised-active-ingredient-derived-marijuana-treat-rare-severe-forms/)
- May Reduce Acne
Acne, a chronic, inflammatory skin condition caused by overworked sebaceous glands, affects more than 9% of the U.S. population.
Ache treatment is also a promising use of CBD oil. Based on the latest studies, CBD was found to reduce the production of sebum (its overproduction causes ache) due to its anti-inflammatory effect on the body.
- Does CBD help Cure Arthritis Symptoms?
Certain preliminary study suggests that CBD might help with arthritis ache. In animal investigations, may not translate to the human body, CBD alleviated arthritis pain and swelling. In contrast, outcomes of human findings are blended. For instance, a 2016 study of human trials for RA, OA, and fibromyalgia revealed that CBD enhanced ache and relaxation. However, the findings were small and junky.
Containing more alpha-linoleic, linoleic as well as oxidants, CBD oil shows an excellent ratio of fatty acids Omega-6 and Omega-3. Many different reports promote the actual claim that CBD helps one with depression and anxiety management, ache, seizures, as well as insomnia.
How to Use
Usually, CBD oil is administered by mouth. However, dosage may be different depending on what it used to treat and sometimes, the bodyweight of the patient.
General side effects of CBD oil may include diarrhea, fatigue, and loss of appetite. In addition to this, it may interfere with other medications. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4189631)
Is CBD legal yet?
According to theUK’S. Home Office say CBD products are legal for sale and consumption, as long as they don’t have any trace of THC.