How is CBD Oil Made?

How is CBD Oil Made?

How is CBD Oil Made?

Before you get to know how CBD oil is made, let’s understand what is CBD first. Grab a cup of coffee and read on!

What is CBD?

CBD stands for Cannabidiol.

The marijuana plant, Cannabis Sativa, contains the concentrated fluid extract. Chemical substances of cannabis oils differ depending on how the extract is made and the chemical elements in the plant at first, as with other herbal extracts.

There are many thousands of compounds produced by cannabis plants, but the best known is a class of cannabinoids. There are many cannabinoids, but THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (Cannabidiol) are the two most commonly used in the consumer world.

In a variety of medical applications, CBD (Cannabidiol) is a compound promising to treat many medical conditions such as acne, anxiety and depression, epilepsy, cancer, and many more between these. One significant advantage of CBD is that it does not contain THC, which is the composition that makes users “high”.

How is CBD oil obtained?

You may be aware of the varied health and wellness benefits of CBD oil, but most of us are slightly less aware of the production. And what we should know before selecting any product that is to be used.

CBD oil is produced by a couple of different processes, whether ingested or applied topically. To boot, the colours and contaminants can be changed, depending on how the cannabis plants that are used to make them are growing.

As you can imagine, before making a purchase, these are all important considerations. This is how CBD oil is obtained and what can be taken into account in the evaluation of CBD products.

Here are some of the ways of obtaining CBD oil:

Full-Spectrum Extraction Method:

Looking at how CBD oil is produced, one known method is the Full-Spectrum Extract. This means that the oil contains not only CBD but also some THC and other cannabinoids of the plant and terpenes, the anti-inflammatory agents of the plant. Usually, the most popular option is the whole plant. Research has shown that CBD oil with Full-Spectrum Extract method may be more effective in the treatment of inflammatory conditions than CBD oil isolate more in a moment.

Full-Spectrum is the term used to describe a cannabinoid (or terpene) extract with a full range. This profile provides the highest level of entourage effectiveness. The chemical contents of a full spectrum extract are close to the plant, providing a high-quality extraction method has been appropriately used.

Also, a complete spectral oil contains THC, although its concentrations are deficient. Most of the CBD oil is extracted not from high-THC marijuana but low-THC industrial hemp. Online CBD companies comply with those standards, and before you purchase, you can check the THC levels.

At low levels, when used at regular dosages, these products containing THC will not get you high. However, before buying any CBD product, make sure you know what you are taking. Plus, endeavor to look for test results.

CBD Isolation Method

The isolation of Cannabidiol to the single-molecule may be possible. The result is a white powder that is commonly found at extremely high levels. This isolate can be used for human consumption in several carriers. Also, this isolate is often added to and marked for sale with MCT oil.

Be careful not to confuse it with the full or broad spectrum oils: isolates for similar benefits have been investigated to need higher and more precise dosage.

In comparison, the Isolated Method means that the extracted CBD oil only contains CBD (i.e., no fatty acids, terpenes, or other cannabinoids). Some may prefer this method for a simple reason: since it has no THC level. An isolated process-produced CBD oil can be considered a less risky option for those of you who don’t want THC. This is likely to be low, but isolation may be the right choice for those very cautious people.

Looking at a list of ingredients, isolated products contain crystalline CBD instead of hemp oil.

During the processing necessary for an isolate, the natural terpenes are removed. Due to their importance for the environment, some companies will add terpenes back to a solvent to make a product commonly called a terpsolate.

Broad Spectrum Method

CBD Broad Spectrum Oil Extraction Method is a bit of a mixture between CBD and CBD isolation from Full Spectrum.

The rest of the compounds found in the plant are maintained in the extract, like Full-spectrum CBD; however, like CBD Isolate THC is completely removed. Because broad-spectrum CBD contains multiple cannabinoids, the entourage effect can be enhanced without the risk of psychoactive effects of THC.

A whole range of cannabinoid products is used with one exception-THC.  The therapeutic potential offered by these products does not require the consumption of THC. The broad-spectrum CBD oil provides the perfect solution for people who are tested or do not like to consume THC for any other reason.

In the past, only CBD isolation was the only THC-free option available on the market. The development of broad-Spectrum was made possible through technological advances that allow extractors to filter all THC with a chromatography process.

CO2 Extraction Method

To produce the oil itself, the most expensive and pure way of doing so is the supercritical carbon dioxide process. This new process uses fluid CO2 as a solvent rather than chemical and is often used for other commercial extraction procedures in the food industry, especially for coffee or omega-three oil production.

Ethanol Extraction Method

Among others, this is the most common method of extracting CBD oil. The fact that this is fast, power-intensive and requires cheap equipment makes it a preferred choice.

Ethanol is essentially used as a solvent in the cannabis plant to remove CBD. The process requires certain precautions because ethanol may be over flammable sometimes. So safety measures are must!

Final Verdict

It is said that cannabis oil can be used for a variety of conditions, although there is often no evidence to support these claims. People use cannabis oil from pain to acne, and some claim that oil can cure diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease and cancer.

The role of CBD oil to alleviate the symptoms of many common health problems, including anxiety, depression, acne and cardiac disease, was studied.

It can even be a natural alternative for pain and symptom relief for people with cancer. Research is underway on the potential health benefits of CBD oil so that new therapeutic uses are discovered for this natural remedy.

While the efficacy and safety of CBD have been learned a lot, recent studies have shown CBD can provide a safe and powerful natural treatment for many health problems.

Hope you have an in-depth knowledge now about CBD oil which would help you further in dealing with this product!

City workers have finally found a way to reduce stress… find out how!

City workers have finally found a way to reduce stress

City workers have finally found a way to reduce stress

For city workers across the world, there is constant pressure to meet deadlines, hit budget requirements, acquire new business and much more. This relentless cycle causes workers; stress, anxiety, and a general lack of motivation

Every day we throw ourselves into this cycle of stress which impacts so many areas of our life…..but why?

Because, that’s what pays for the £1,000 rent in your box apartment, £100 gym membership and £6 pint or cocktail.

Is there a way to remove our worries without hitting the pub on a Wednesday lunch at 12:thirsty. Well yes, there is…


You have probably heard about CBD already. It’s a buzz word at the moment and you’ve more than likely seen the trendy coffee shop on the corner selling it. But how can it help me?

CBD is becoming increasingly popular with City workers who are using it to help manage their stress, anxiety and sleep. In turn, they are much sharper on the job.

Remember your last holiday? Yep, not a worry in the world. Reason being – you were out of the City and had left all your stress behind. Stress is a physical reaction that our bodies have when issues arise and our busy lives get even more hectic.  When you’re stressed, your body starts to release various hormones that can cause the following:

  • Headaches
  • Sleep problems
  • Loss of libido
  • Low energy
  • Lack of concentration

Now that’s a recipe to NOT get any of those important deals done.


How can CBD help city workers?

There are receptors in our brain that regulate our mood and stress levels. CBD can interact with these receptors and assist in reducing stress and anxiety levels.

The reality is, we all have to work and spend most of our lives working so why put ourselves through unnecessary stress?

So, if you have the Sunday evening pre work week dread…. You know the solution…     CBD!

Why not give it a go?

How CBD helps anxiety

how CBD helps anxiety

How CBD helps Anxiety?

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety and depression go hand-in-hand in most cases – simultaneously. The prevalence of these two is alarming in several countries, especially in the U.S. and they’ve been known to cause mental health disorders in many people.

Common mental disorders are sub-categorized into anxiety disorders and depressive disorders. They affect the feelings and mind consciousness of the affected persons and cause a lot of mental deformities such as panic disorder, phobic disorders, and more.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), over 300 million people are evaluated to suffer from anxiety and depression, that’s about 3.6% and 4.4% respectively, of the world’s population. (

From generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) to social anxiety disorders (SAD) and agoraphobia, anxiety comes in varying forms.

Although affected persons have been introduced to pharmacological treatments which have been quite helpful, but then leave some side effects such as drowsiness and headache. These medications are linked with limited response rates and may also limit tolerability and adherence. The good news, however, is regardless of the form of anxiety a dose of CBD can help alleviate the unpleasant symptoms.

A Brief about what CBD is

CBD (Cannabidiol) is the phytocannabinoid component of Cannabis sativa, unlike THC (tetrahydricannbidiol) which has psychoactive effects and produces a “high” when consumed.

Many people choose to self-treat with CBD oil and it has been efficient for this purpose – alleviating anxiety disorders.

Cannabidiol oil is a natural approach, with therapeutic properties, that remain helpful in alleviating neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. According to a survey published in Cannabis and Cannabidiol Research in 2018, nearly 62% of CBD users reported that they used it to treat a medical condition, including pain, anxiety, and depression. (

CBD Pharmacology Relevance to Anxiety

By having a direct impact on the CB1 and serotonin receptors in the human body, Cannabidiol can influence the neurotransmitter responsible for mood disorders.

Some scientific attempts have revealed that CBD oil is effective for a wide range of conditions, from chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, and Alzheimer’s disease to depression, stress, and anxiety. Furthermore, it can lower blood pressure and act as a natural anti-inflammatory supplement. (

Containing more alpha-linoleic, linoleic as well as oxidants, CBD oil shows an excellent ratio of fatty acids Omega-6 and Omega-3. This could as well contribute to its “magical attempt.” Those suffering from anxiety disorder take CBD oil to enable them to sleep better and tackle the constant stream of disorderliness linked with these emotional difficulties.

However, the connection of Cannabis with anxiety is inexplicable. Cannabis users reported the reduction of anxiety as one of the motivations for its use; meanwhile, episodes of intense anxiety are among the foremost common undesirable effects of the drug.

Overall, it occurs CBD is not only a tranquilizer for anxiety but also a compound that can be used for several other health disorders since it can directly impact neurotransmitter receptors.

CBD Side Effects

Just because using CBD oil for anxiety or any other health conditions is safe doesn’t mean there aren’t any side effects associated with this supplement.

Like any other substance or medication that interacts with the normal pulse of the brain and body, CBD can have some fairly awful side effects.

The most common ones are:

  • Dry mouth
  • Changes in appetite
  • Low blood pressure
  • Dizziness
  • Changes in mood
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Although the above side effects are noted these are rare.

CBD – What is CBD?

CBD – What is CBD?

(Please note some of this article has come from United States sources as the United Kingdom is starting to catch up on CBD knowledge & research)


The innovation of medical marijuana is something exciting and worth embracing. And among the several products from the Cannabis Sativa plant (such as hemp and marijuana) that have been helpful for consumers are CBD. CBD is short for Cannabidiol.

Within the Cannabis Sativa plant, there exist 113 cannabinoids in which CBD is just one. CBD is extracted from the plant in the organic form, free of additional cannabinoids for its potent psychoactive properties.

Cannabidiol, better known as CBD oils or cannabis oils, has been widely accepted to be effective for the cure of several ailments, including arthritis and cancer.

In the United Kingdom, only CBD products that don’t contain a percentage of THC are regarded as legal and safe for consumption. Ultimately, other products that contain THC are ruled out as illegal. Well, this could the reason it remains a top choice for the consumers.

You could be stunned to discover that the human bodies produce their cannabinoids (known as endocannabinoids) and feature cannabinoid receptors, some related to tenderness and discomfort. Experts once believed the CBD in products attached to these types of receptors, however, right now they believe CBD helps our bodies utilize its endocannabinoids more efficiently.

What is CBD and where it comes from?

Generally, marijuana generates more than 100 chemical compounds referred to as cannabinoids. And among the several cannabinoids generated, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD are the most active compounds.

THC is the psychoactive component of marijuana and can get you intoxicated. The majority of CBD products originate from hemp, which must have as low as 0.3 THC present.

CBD, on the other hand, cannot get you intoxicated – it is not psychoactive. CBD is the organic liquid extract of the marijuana plant (Cannabis Sativa plant).

CBD oils? Simply put as “oils that contain a concentration of CBD in varying proportions and applications.”

How CBD Works

CBD, like most cannabinoids, produces effects in the human body by attaching to some sort of internal receptors.

As we already know, the body system generates some endocannabinoids by itself. Likewise, the human body has 2 internal receptors for cannabinoids, known as the CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors.

CB1 receptors can be found within the body, but most are almost all in the brain. These CB1 receptors in the brain control co-ordination and movements, thoughts and mood, appetite, and moments, as well as other abilities. Interestingly, THC links to all these receptors.

On the other hand, CB2 receptors exist more in the immune system, and they affect inflammation and ache.

Experts once claimed that CBD linked to all these CB2 receptors. However, it currently occurs that CBD attaches directly to neither CB1 nor CB2 receptors. Instead, it appears to influence the body system to use more of its self-generated cannabinoids.

CBD Market Size and Trend

CBD products continue to gain recognition in the world annually in medical application, food and beverage, supplements, and skincare. A freshly-made analysis by leading cannabis researchers BDS Analytics and Arcview Market Research forecasts cast that the CBD Market in the U.S. will exceed USD 20 billion by 2024. (

Interestingly, this number just rises from the latest forecast made by New York-based statistical firm, Reports and Data, which evaluated that the market could grow from the $1.04 Billion in 2018 to $16,32 Billion by 2026, at a CAGR of 27.7%. (

Certainly, these forecasts have taken into consideration CBD products consumed in various sectors such as shops, grocery stores, pharmacies, and more. With the rapid increase in its Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR), the CBD innovation looks promising soon.


According to the Cannabis Trades Association UK, the number of cannabidiol consumers shot from 125,000 in 2017 to 250,000 in 2018.


Benefits of CBD oil

CBD has been reported to be capable of curing many ailments and aches, as well as relief from pain. The fact that it doesn’t make one feel intoxicated makes it appealing for consumers.

Several health benefits of CBD oil that have been proven by scientific evidence, here we discuss 5, and they are:

  1. Natural Pain Relief

In recent times, Scientists have discovered that the psychoactive components of marijuana, including CBD, are responsible for its pain-relieving effects. CBD impacts the activity of the self-induced endocannabinoids (neurotransmitters) of the human body, thereby reducing inflammation.

Several studies have discovered that a compound containing CBD and THC is effective in alleviating pain such as sclerosis and arthritis. An example of such a compound is Sativex, a spray used for treating pain related to sclerosis.

  1. Reduce Anxiety and Depression

According to WHO (World Health Organization), anxiety and depression have been identified as dreadful contributors to mental health disorders. (

Usually, anxiety and depression are treated with some sedatives, which can cause varying side effects such as drowsiness, vision problems, headaches.

CBD happens to be a natural approach that helps reduce anxiety and depression. It has been embraced by many for this cause. Additionally, CBD oil has been known to be helpful to safely treat anxiety and insomnia in children with post-traumatic stress disorder. (

  1. A Cure for Epilepsy

After several kinds of research by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), CBD oil (Epidiolex) was found to be effective in treating patients with epileptic seizures. Epidiolex, an oral solution derived from marijuana, was approved for the treatment of Dravet syndrome (DS) and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). However, the FDA warned that Epidiolex is not safe for children younger than 2 years and should not be prescribed. Also, it’s dosage should be administered based on body weight. (

  1. May Reduce Acne

Acne, a chronic, inflammatory skin condition caused by overworked sebaceous glands, affects more than 9% of the U.S. population.

Ache treatment is also a promising use of CBD oil. Based on the latest studies, CBD was found to reduce the production of sebum (its overproduction causes ache) due to its anti-inflammatory effect on the body.

  1. Does CBD help Cure Arthritis Symptoms?


Certain preliminary study suggests that CBD might help with arthritis ache. In animal investigations, may not translate to the human body, CBD alleviated arthritis pain and swelling. In contrast, outcomes of human findings are blended. For instance, a 2016 study of human trials for RA, OA, and fibromyalgia revealed that CBD enhanced ache and relaxation. However, the findings were small and junky.

Containing more alpha-linoleic, linoleic as well as oxidants, CBD oil shows an excellent ratio of fatty acids Omega-6 and Omega-3. Many different reports promote the actual claim that CBD helps one with depression and anxiety management, ache, seizures, as well as insomnia.

How to Use

Usually, CBD oil is administered by mouth. However, dosage may be different depending on what it used to treat and sometimes, the bodyweight of the patient.

General side effects of CBD oil may include diarrhea, fatigue, and loss of appetite. In addition to this, it may interfere with other medications. (

Is CBD legal yet?

According to theUK’S. Home Office say CBD products are legal for sale and consumption, as long as they don’t have any trace of THC.

Could your CBD be a SCAM?

could your cbd be a scam?

Could your CBD be a scam?

CBD is quickly taking off in the UK. Hundreds of new businesses have emerged selling the wonderful Cannabinoid – CBD.

BUT are you being scammed? A recent report from The Centre of Medical Cannabis shows some worrying results. They tested products from High Street and online retailers and found 45% had high levels of THC in. NOT OK.

To keep it short and sweet – THC is the compound which gets you “high.” So, you can see the dangers.

Amongst other chemicals, they found little to no CBD in. Imagine paying upwards of £50 for a CBD product and it has 0.00% CBD in!

What’s the solution?

Here are some tips for shopping for effective and high quality CBD.


  1. Try to stay away low key stores selling very cheap products. The products will be lower in quality and may contain harsh chemicals and no CBD


  1. Look for expiring dates/batch numbers on bottles. If you can’t see this, then there is a possibility it’s out of date!


  1. Speak with the seller. A reputable brand should be able to tell you exactly what’s in there products, the type of CBD and how it’s produced. They should also be easily contactable.


  1. Do your research! Facebook reviews are always a good way to see how the brand is doing from real customers.


  1. Lastly and most importantly – Certificates of Analysis. If the seller can’t provide evidence that their CBD products have been independently tested then steer clear!


A final note to consider is that CBD companies should not be claiming amazing life-enhancing benefits. It is a natural remedy which has helped people in the past but no claims can be made.

It’s NOT a cure and if brands are telling you differently, then they are probably after a quick sale rather than having your best interest at heart.

We hope this has helped but if you have any questions or require any information, please contact us at [email protected]

Oliver Summers

Co-Founder of Signature CBD